Thursday, May 21, 2020
Ralph Waldo Emerson was one of the most influential Americans of the 19th century. His writings played a major role in the development of American literature, and his thought impacted political leaders as well as countless ordinary people. Emerson, born into a family of ministers, became known as an unorthodox and controversiall thinker in the late 1830s. His writing and public persona would cast a long shadow over American letters, as he influenced such major American writers as Walt Whitman and Henry David Thoreau. Early Life of Ralph Waldo Emerson Ralph Waldo Emerson was born May 25, 1803. His father was a prominent Boston minister. And though his father died when Emerson was eight years old, Emersons family managed to send him to Boston Latin School and Harvard College. After graduating from Harvard he taught school with his older brother for a time, and eventually decided to become a Unitarian minister. He became the junior pastor at a noted Boston institution, Second Church. Personal Crisis EmersonÃ¢â¬â¢s personal life appeared promising, as he fell in love and married Ellen Tucker in 1829. His happiness was short-lived, however, as his young wife died less than two years later. Emerson was emotionally devastated. As his wife was from a wealthy family, Emerson received an inheritance which helped sustain him for the rest of his life. The death of his wife and his plunge into misery led Emerson to have severe doubts about his religious beliefs. He became increasingly disillusioned with the ministry over the next several years and he resigned from his position at the church. He spent most of 1833 touring Europe. In Britain Emerson met with prominent writers, including Thomas Carlyle, which whom he began a lifelong friendship. Emerson Began to Publish and Speak in Public After returning to America, Emerson began to express his changing ideas in written essays. His essay Ã¢â¬Å"Nature,Ã¢â¬ published in 1836, was noteworthy. It is often cited as the place where central ideas of Transcendentalism were expressed. In the late 1830s Emerson began to make a living as a public speaker. At that time in America, crowds would pay to hear people discuss current events or philosophical topics, and Emerson was soon a popular orator in New England. Over the course of his life his speaking fees would be a major portion of his income. The Transcendentalist Movement Because Emerson is so closely linked to the Transcendentalists, it is often believed that he was the founder of Transcendentalism. He was not, as other New England thinkers and writers actually came together, calling themselves Transcendentalists, in the years before he published Ã¢â¬Å"Nature.Ã¢â¬ Yet EmersonÃ¢â¬â¢s prominence, and his growing public profile, made him the most famous of the Transcendentalist writers. Emerson Broke with Tradition In 1837, a class at Harvard Divinity School invited Emerson to speak. He delivered an address titled Ã¢â¬Å"The American ScholarÃ¢â¬ which was well-received. It was hailed as Ã¢â¬Å"our intellectual Declaration of IndependenceÃ¢â¬ by Oliver Wendell Holmes, a student who would go on to be a prominent essayist. The following year the graduating class at the Divinity School invited Emerson to give the commencement address. Emerson, speaking to a fairly small group of people on July 15, 1838, ignited a huge controversy. He delivered an address advocating Transcendentalist ideas such as love of nature and self-reliance. The faculty and clergy considered EmersonÃ¢â¬â¢s address to be somewhat radical and a calculated insult. He was not invited back to speak at Harvard for decades. Emerson Was Known as The Sage of Concord Emerson married his second wife, Lidian, in 1835, and they settled in Concord, Massachusetts. In Concord Emerson found a peaceful place to live and write, and a literary community sprang up around him. Other writers associated with Concord in the 1840s included Nathaniel Hawthorne, Henry David Thoreau, and Margaret Fuller. Emerson was sometimes referred to in the newspapers as The Sage of Concord. Ralph Waldo Emerson Was a Literary Influence Emerson published his first book of essay in 1841, and published a second volume in 1844. He continued speaking far and wide, and itÃ¢â¬â¢s known that in 1842 he gave an address titled Ã¢â¬Å"The PoetÃ¢â¬ in New York City. One of the audience members was a young newspaper reporter, Walt Whitman. The future poet was greatly inspired by EmersonÃ¢â¬â¢s words. In 1855, when Whitman published his classic book Leaves of Grass, he sent a copy to Emerson, who responded with a warm letter praising WhitmanÃ¢â¬â¢s poetry. This endorsement from Emerson helped launched WhitmanÃ¢â¬â¢s career as a poet. Emerson also exerted a major influence over Henry David Thoreau, who was a young Harvard graduate and schoolteacher when Emerson met him in Concord. Emerson sometimes employed Thoreau as a handyman and gardener, and encouraged his young friend to write. Thoreau lived for two years in a cabin he built on a plot of land owned by Emerson, and wrote his classic book, Walden, based on the experience. Involvement in Social Causes Emerson was known for his lofty ideas, but he was also known to get involved in specific social causes. The most notable cause Emerson supported was the abolitionist movement. Emerson spoke out against slavery for years, and even helped runaway slaves get to Canada via the Underground Railroad. Emerson also praised John Brown, the fanatical abolitionist who many perceived as a violent madman. Though Emerson had been fairly apolitical, the conflict over slavery led him to the new Republican Party, and in the election of 1860 he voted for Abraham Lincoln. When Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation Emerson hailed it as a great day for the United States. Emerson was deeply affected by Lincolns assassination, and considered him a martyr. Emersons Later Years After the Civil War, Emerson continued to travel and give lectures based on his many essays. In California he befriended naturalist John Muir, whom he met in Yosemite Valley. But by the 1870s his health was beginning to fail. He died in Concord on April 27, 1882. He was nearly 79 years old. His death was front-page news. The New York Times published a lengthy obituary of Emerson on the front page. It is impossible to learn about American literature in the 19th century without encountering Ralph Waldo Emerson. His influence was profound, and his essays, especially classics such as Self-Reliance, are still read and discussed more than 160 years after their publication. Sources: Ralph Waldo Emerson.Ã Encyclopedia of World Biography, Gale, 1998. The Death of Mr. Emerson. New York Times, 28 April 1882. A1.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Should Teenagers Have Social Media Account? Social media is the best way to connect with other people which can contact people around the world. Moreover, the social media connect all of the world and not just only in your home country. Most teenagers use social media to meet a new friend or new people. How can one know their children or their teenager use social media in the right way? Many social media generate the applications that support human need also applications are free and easy to register. Some of social media does not need to verify age before access the application. How much do you know about social networking sites? In fact, every year over tens millions of new registered users use fake information when they registered such as birth date, age, and gender. Social networking sites are website that encourages people to post profile of themselves, such as picture, interest, hobby, etc. so, they can meet a new friend on the social networking sites. Social media in term use to describe the websites and other online me ans of communication that are used by large groups of people to share information and to develop social and professional contacts. Facebook and Instragram are one of the social media which is very dangerous for the teenager because many teenagers using this application to contact strange people. Although, Social media has many benefits for a teenager to learn a new thing, but it also brings bad influence to the teenagerÃ¢â¬â¢s develop. Parent should notShow MoreRelatedShould Minors Be Allowed?818 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesseveral social networking sites, including Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Tumblr, and Pinterest. With all these easily accessible via laptop or smartphone, many kids and teenagers have created accounts that they frequently use. In fact, social media is how most people pass the time now. With these sites also come many potential threats, posing the question, should minors be allowed to create personal web pages? Although there are some positives to children and teenage rs having social media accounts, thereRead MoreBecoming A Teenger Is A Life Changing Experience1192 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages13-18 years old, teens have seen problems on social media. Cyberbullying been such a huge impact that never seems to stop. Cyberbullies continues harassing victims which have caused severe risks for them. These risks include suicide, depression, loneliness, etc. Sometimes itÃ¢â¬â¢s hard to figure out if the cyberbullies are real or not, some can be anonymous. Social media and technology is what all teenagers use 24/7, some are not careful with what they put online. Due to social media, Cyberbullying hasRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Social Media Essay1714 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSocial media has become a very popular, valuable asset for everyone all over the world. Social media s great to use when reconnecting with an old friend, promoting a new business, or just when one needs a good laugh. While social media has great advantages, it also carries many disadvantages, particularly for the youth. While most adults are not able to let social media consume a large portion of their time, adolescents frequently become consumed in social media. That being said, almost every adolescentRead MoreSocial Media And Its Effects On Society1298 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIt has been proven that social media usage produces the same effect as love in the brain by activating a chemical, known as dopamine. With that said, teenagers ages 15-19 spend at least three hours each day on various social media platforms. Throughout the past decade, the growth and advancements in technology have allowed for social media to excel more than ever. As social media improves, it becomes a bigger part in peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s daily lives. Due to the fact that the Internet has only leaped within theRead MoreThe Influence Of Technology On Teenagers1246 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDo Technology deceives affect Teenagers? Should parents limit how much time children spend on technology devices? Technology forms the growing mind. The younger the mind, the more adaptable it is, the younger the technology, the more unproven it is. The young minds and lives will improve, society gains, and education will be changed for the better. This experiment involves children getting using technology at school and/or at home in belief that technology will improve the aspect of learning andRead MoreNegative Effects Of Social Media1743 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthese people are on their social media accounts. According to Brooke Lusk, the database and media manager for the Prevention Researcher, social media can be defined as, Ã¢â¬Å"an aspect of the internet which allows individuals and groups to create and publish online content, share the content, and interact about it.Ã¢â¬ These days, people are very involved with the internet and social media. Some think this is a benefit while others think this is a detriment for m any reasons. Social media allows people to stayRead MoreThe Impact Of Social Media On Young People1423 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesgenerations have come to embrace the changes the social media has brought on our lives where teenagers and young adults are the most fanatic users of these social sites. The impact of social media on young people is undoubtedly significant and comes in two folds; positive and negative. On the positive side, these social media can act as invaluable tools for astounding teenagers who tend to do well through the use of the social media. For instance, one of the highest paid youtubers are teenagers like LilyRead MorePros And Cons Of Social Media1161 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdifferent social media network. As Centuries move forward, technology is advancing is taking a big hike on the usage board. One of the subsidiaries of technology most commonly known is social media. Social media has been moving up the scale of usage for the last ten years. There have been many soc ial media apps, or platforms for the past years. There was for example: hi5, Myspace, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Tumblr, and so on because there are many more. One of the most recent platform of Social mediaRead MoreSocial Media And The Negative Effects On Teens1292 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSocial Media and the Negative Effects on Teens A study conducted by the Pew Research Center in which they discuss teens and their acts on social media, they state that, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦95% of all teens ages 12-17 are now online and 80% of those online teens are users of social media sitesÃ¢â¬ (Pew Research Center). With there being over seven billion people in the world, just think about how many teenagers there are. Information from these teens is being transferred all over the world through multiple forms of socialRead MoreSocial Media Applications Affect Our Privacy1396 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSocial media applications have skyrocketed in the past couple of years. With the increase of technology, millions of people are able to communicate and share information with family, friends and people all around the world. Although there are many positive features when using social media applications, there are major consequences as well. My research questions states: Is social media applications affecting our privacy and if so in what w ays? The use of social media applications affect our privacy
Describe How You Might Contribute To a Lesson Given To a Group Of Seven Year Old Children Learning To Play Percussion Instruments? As a Teaching Assistant supervising a group of seven year olds who are to learn to play musical instruments, I would first make sure these instruments are available, clean, safe and ready to be used for this lesson. Any music sheets related to playing must be prepared and available in the classroom in advance. During the lesson I would supervise the children using the instruments and check they are using them correctly and are not messing about with them, and causing any damage to themselves, anyone else or the equipment. We will write a custom essay sample on Teaching Assistant or any similar topic only for you Order Now Pupils who have difficulties playing or holding the instruments must be supported. It is important to be a good role model by showing children how to hold and play with these instruments. I should make sure all the children follow my instructions, repeat my instructions and focus on me while I am demonstrating the instrument. At the end of the lesson I would check that the instruments are still in good condition and encourage children to put equipment away tidy and safely. During the lesson I can monitor the class and then make an observations written report that can help track the activity, behaviour, difficulties, preferences, cognitive skills and progress of each child. 2. What might be your role in organizing, using and maintaining the learning resources, materials and equipment? My role as a Teaching Assistant in this lesson, regarding organization and material, is to ensure everything is ready for the lesson before starting it. All the material should be checked for safety, hygiene, cleanliness, good state and put in the right place as agreed by the teacher. It is important to maintain a complete and accurate inventory of resources. To be able to conduct these the teaching assistant should find out from the teacher what their role is and what responsibilities they have when it comes to the organisation of the learning environment. I would encourage pupils to return materials to the correct place after they have been used. I may have to dispose of any waste and redundant resources safely and always looking for opportunities to recycle materials and equipment. I should prepare and set out learning resources in line with the preparation requirements given by the teacher. When the lesson is finished, I must ensure that each material is back to original place, and itÃ¢â¬â¢s not broken or damaged. Any marks should be reported to the teacher. How to cite Teaching Assistant, Papers
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Why You NEED an Outline for Essay Now, weÃ¢â¬â¢re going to talk about the importance of creating an outline before you begin writing a paper. A number of students skip this step Ã¢â¬â mostly because they want to get the hard process of writing a rough draft out of the way. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t make this mistake. Once you start writing proper essay outlines, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll never go back. There are a variety of reasons why outlines are not only useful, but necessary in writing a great paper. First of all, an outline makes the writing process run smoothly. You already know what you want to say, and how you want to say it. You already know what points you want to hit. You already know where your important quotes go. Plenty of students simply build on their outline and call it a rough draft. Once you take away the numbers and letters, youÃ¢â¬â¢re left with a workable paper. This article is a part of Essay Survival Guide Want more essay writing help? Read Essay Writing eBook Series by ! Outlines also give you an idea of where to go next. Since you know what point youÃ¢â¬â¢re building toward, you can aim your writing in that direction. For example, if I want to use Barrack Obama to navigate toward a conversation about medical insurance, IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to cater my quotes and information to hit that point. IÃ¢â¬â¢m getting from Point A to Point B. This makes my writing clear and direct. IÃ¢â¬â¢m not scrambling to make a relevant point. In addition, for those of you who hate sitting down and writing for three or four hours, creating an outline breaks your writing up into bite-sized chunks. You can sit down, elaborate on a few important points, then take a break. When you come back, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll still be in the exact same place you were before. You wonÃ¢â¬â¢t need to get your mind back in the game. Your writing will already be there. You wonÃ¢â¬â¢t have to think of somewhere to go next. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ve already done that. Your writing will be anything but sporadic, and you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be able to tell when you took a break or lost your sense of motivation. Finally, in the long run, having an outline saves you time. Your paper will be clean, precise, and straightforward. Your professor will appreciate the amount of thought you put into the structure of your essay. And, in addition to everything we just said, you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t feel the constant pressure to come up with useful ideas. Everything will be done already. You just have to write. Writing is much easier when you know where youÃ¢â¬â¢re going with it Before we move on and talk about actually writing your rough draft, weÃ¢â¬â¢re going to give you a quick step-by-step guide to creating an outline. If youÃ¢â¬â¢ve chosen a topic (or, if youÃ¢â¬â¢re using the topic we provided), make an outline. You donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to write a rough draft or look for resources. Just see what you can create based on your subject. Chances are, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll find that writing an outline helps you formulate Ã and connect ideas and stay on track. 1. Organize your paper in a stepping-stone fashion with both numerals and letters from the alphabet. For example Ã¢â¬â A. Introduction 1. Hillary Clinton 2. Barrack Obama 3. John McCain B. Hillary Clinton 1. Health Care a) Proposals b) Experience 2. Prison Reform 3. Scandal 2. Once youÃ¢â¬â¢re organized, add a sentence or two for each subsection. What point are you trying to make in this section? What are you trying to say? 3. When youÃ¢â¬â¢re formatting your outline, only add a subsection if you have more than one thing to talk about. If you only need to make a singular point, donÃ¢â¬â¢t bother with a subsection. For example Ã¢â¬â A. Hillary Clinton 1. Prison Reform B. Barrack Obama This outline doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t make sense. If you want to talk about prison reform and Hillary Clinton, but the whole subject in the same line. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s no sense in creating a subtopic when itÃ¢â¬â¢s actually the main essay topic. It should become Ã¢â¬â A. Hillary Clinton and Prison Reform B. Barrack Obama It just makes your outline neater and easier to understand. 4. Add to your outline as you come up with more ideas. 5. Add quotes from your research to your outline. If thereÃ¢â¬â¢s something you want to quote in your paper, it should already be included in the outline. That way, you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to worry about quote placement after youÃ¢â¬â¢ve written your essay. Again, outlines are a huge part of the essay writingÃ process. They help you stay organized and keep your thoughts collected. Getting into the habit of making a proper outline for your essays will ensure that you inch closer and closer to that Ã¢â¬Å"AÃ¢â¬ paper.
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
The Theory of Performance Essays The Theory of Performance Essay The Theory of Performance Essay Performance theory is the wide thought that non merely do we execute on phase. we perform the mundane life. With each state of affairs we face. we must take how to move consequently. Performance theory inquiries why we perform the manner we do in certain state of affairss. and which factors affect those public presentations. Richard Schechner. a professor of public presentation surveies has had a immense and profound impact on the academic theory of public presentation. It is of import to develop and joint theories refering how public presentations are generated. transmitted. received. and evaluated. In chase of these ends. Performance Studies is insistently intercultural. inter-generic. and inter-disciplinary. ( Schechner. 1995 ) This construct asserts the importance of different systems of transmutations. which vary greatly from civilization to civilization. and over historical periods and motions. In Performance Studies. Schechner asserts that Performing o nstage. executing in particular societal state of affairss ( public ceremonials. for illustration ) . and executing in mundane life are a continuum . ( Schechner. 2002. p. 143 ) We canÃ¢â¬â¢t argue that each and every one of us is a manner a performerÃ¢â¬â¢ as our battle in existent life and synergistic groups is frequently interchangeable from function drama. First. we must interrupt down the Performance Theory into more elaborate avenues of idea. Performance Theory can be broken down foremost into two classs ; the action facet. and the result facet. The action facet is what a group or person does in the public presentation state of affairs. Performance is what the organisation hires one to make. and do good. ( Campbell et al. . 1993 p. 40 ) The result facet is the consequence of the groupÃ¢â¬â¢s or individualÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviour. Some believe that the result facet isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a portion of public presentation. so for timeÃ¢â¬â¢s interest. this essay will concentrate more on the action facet of public presentation. Within the action facet of public presentation. public presentation theory can be looked at in a battalion of ways. It can be broken dow n further into ; task public presentation vs. contextual public presentation. passage public presentation vs. care public presentation. and besides three positions on public presentation ( single difference. situational. and public presentation relation positions ) . But these footings are of no usage if the significance is non understood. Undertaking public presentation is the Ã¢â¬ ¦individuals proficiency with which they perform activities that contribute to the organisations technical coreÃ¢â¬â¢ ( Sonnentag A ; Frese. 2002. pg. 4 ) An illustration of undertaking public presentation is a group of production line workers. They are given a undertaking and expected to execute that undertaking. Task public presentation focuses on the touchable consequences and efficiency with which the group performs. Contextual public presentation Ã¢â¬ ¦refers to activities which do non lend to the technical coreÃ¢â¬â¢ but which support the organisational. societal. and psychological environment in which organisational ends are pursued. ( Sonnentag A ; Frese. 2002. pg. 4 ) An illustration of contextual public presentation would be the squad leader on a production line doing certain that the morale of the group is up. It focuses chiefly on personality and motive. Though there is some convergence with the two footings. as a high degree contextual public presentation frequently consequences in high degree undertaking public presentation. they differ in a few ways. With task public presentation. activities relevant to the occupation vary between occupations. whereas with contextual public presentation. those activities stay comparatively consistent. Besides. undertaking public presentation is more an ascribed function. whereas contextual public presentation is the functions that are optional to the group. there isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a checklist of specificities for the functions. Now that the different types of public presentations have been discussed. it is of import that we take into consideration how clip plays a big function in public presentation. Both passage public presentation and care public presentation demo how the group performs during a certain period of clip within a occupation. Passage public presentation is how the persons of a group act during the get downing phases of a new occupation. During early stages of skill acquisition. public presentation relies mostly on controlled processingÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ ¦ ( Sonnentag A ; Frese. 2001 ) Therefore significance that the group is dependent on the sum of tools and cognition that the occupation has available. As the group becomes more comfy with their milieus. they move into the care phase of their public presentation. Though non every member of the group moves at the same gait. finally they will all make the care phase. Sonnentag states that. Later in the skill acquisition procedure. public presentation mostly relies on automatic processing. procedural cognition. and psychomotor abilities. ( Sonnentag A ; Frese. 2001 ) Therefore the longer they perform the same occupation. the less they rely on the tools and cognition of the organisation. They have gained plenty of their ain penetration to execute the occupation without assistance. It about becomes automatic for the group or the single to execute their given undertaking. After reading about the key footings within Performance Theory. it is of import that the assorted positions on what affects the groupÃ¢â¬â¢s public presentation be discussed. There are three chief positions that have emerged from Performance Theory ; single differences position. situational position. and public presentation ordinance position. The single differences perspective takes a difficult expression at the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s personal features and how they affect non merely their ain public presentation. but the public presentation of the group ; features such as mental ability and personality. This position shows us that because each person has separate experiences and has different associations with different significances. no two persons will execute any given undertaking the same manner. Our sensitivity guides our public presentation. which means the group must happen common land with which they can construct coherence. This position claims the group or single with more experience or higher cognitive ability. the higher the public presentation quality. ( Sonnentag A ; Frese. 2001 ) The 2nd point of view is the situational position. This perspective focal points on the importance of the factors that influence public presentation that are beyond the power of the group. For illustration if there is a hostile environment the groupÃ¢â¬â¢s public presentation will endure ; whereas if the work environment is without ill will. the public presentation of the group wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be affected. Situational position efforts to happen the factors that improve the groupÃ¢â¬â¢s public presentation. and the factors that impede the groupÃ¢â¬â¢s public presentation. ( Sonnentag A ; Frese. 2001 ) Last. the 3rd position is the public presentation ordinance position. The public presentation ordinance position takes a different expression at single public presentation and is less interested in individual or situational forecasters of public presentation. ( Sonnentag A ; Frese. 2001 ) This point of view looks at how factors such as ; rules/regulations. intent. and consequence affect group and single public presentation. This perspective expressions at public presentation from both a procedure and structural point of position. The procedure point of position focal points on the consecutive facets of an action. while the structural point of position refers to its hierarchal organisation. ( Sonnentag A ; Frese. 2001 ) For case the procedure point of view shows the importance of the planning and organisation facets of the public presentation. and the structural point of view shows the importance of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s power in their given place or public presentation. After looking into the theory of public presentation. it is of import to understand more to the full by manner of illustration. In each Small Group category we see illustrations of public presentation theory at work. For case as we began the category. we were in the passage stage. This was evident when during the first category we werenÃ¢â¬â¢t given any direction as to how the category ought to develop. and we were shortly overwhelmed with confusion. This confusion came approximately because before so. we had been programmed to depend on the new information and tools given to us by those in authorization. which passage public presentation relies on. The consequence of non holding those tools pushed us to turn into the care side of public presentation before we had entree to our ain organic structure of cognition about the category. Another illustration of public presentation theory is illustrated in the public presentation of a group of histrions. Each dark they go on phase and must execute for a new audience. These situational factors affect how the group performs. On a more single graduated table. public presentation was affected by which household members were in the audience. The persons put more attempt into their public presentations when they knew that person of import was watching them. The whole group was affected when the situational factors changed from who is in the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢ . to how many people are in the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢ . Because the attending of one show was less than another. the groupÃ¢â¬â¢s public presentation suffered because they lacked motive and feedback from the audience. Though the on-stageÃ¢â¬â¢ is what we think of when we hear the word performanceÃ¢â¬â¢ . we must besides recognize that we besides perform throughout the twenty-four hours as we are exposed to a spectrum of different cases. Because we are societal existences we mold into when we find necessary at any given clip. Performing in mundane life involves people in a broad scope of activities from solo or confidant public presentations behind closed doors to little group activities to interacting as portion of a crowd. Ã¢â¬â¢ ( Schechner. Performance Studies: An Introduction. 2002 ) In executing. we must understand why we do the things we do. and what affect they have. Besides we must farther delve into the person. situational and regulative factors that affect the quality with which groups and persons perform. So though we frequently donÃ¢â¬â¢t take the clip to see how we perform daily. we must retrieve that. the public presentation facet of ordinary behavior is less obvious. but non absentÃ¢â¬â¢ . ( Schechner. Performance Studies: An Introduction. 2002 ) November 26. 2012 Bibliography Campbell. J. . McIlroy. R. . Oppler. S. . A ; Sager. C. ( 1993 ) . A Theory of Performance. In E. Schmitt. Personnel Selection in Organizations ( pp. 35-70 ) . San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Schechner. R. ( 1995 ) . Performance Studies Textbook. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Schechner. R. ( 2002 ) . Performance Studies: An Introduction. Routledge. Sonnentag. S. . A ; Frese. M. ( 2001 ) . Performance Concepts and Performance Theory. University of Konstanz ; University of Giessen.
Monday, March 2, 2020
The Legend of the Chevy Nova That Wouldn't Go If youve ever taken a class in marketing, chances are youve heard how Chevrolet had problems selling the Chevy Nova automobile in Latin America. Since no va means it doesnt go in Spanish, the oft-repeated story goes, Latin American car buyers shunned the car, forcing Chevrolet to embarrassingly pull the car out of the market. But the Problem With the Story Is... Chevrolets woes are often cited as an example of how good intentions can go wrong when it comes to translation. There are literally thousands of references to the incident on the Internet, and the Nova example has been mentioned in textbooks and often comes up during presentations on cultural differences and advertising. But theres one major problem with the story: It never happened. As a matter of fact, Chevrolet did reasonably well with the Nova in Latin America, even exceeding its sales projections in Venezuela. The story of the Chevy Nova is a classic example of an urban legend, a story that is told and retold so often that it is believed to be true even though it isnt. Like most other urban legends, there is some element of truth in the story (no va indeed means it doesnt go), enough truth to keep the story alive. Like many urban legends, the story has the appeal of showing how the high and mighty can be humiliated by stupid mistakes. Even if you couldnt confirm or reject the story by looking into history, you might notice some problems with it if you understand Spanish. For starters, nova and no va dont sound alike and are unlikely to be confused, just as carpet and car pet are unlikely to be confused in English. Additionally, no va would be an awkward way in Spanish to describe a nonfunctioning car (no funciona, among others, would do better). Additionally, as in English, nova, when used in a brand name, can convey a sense of newness. Theres even a Mexican gasoline that goes by that brand name, so it seems unlikely such a name alone could doom a car. Other Spanish Mistranslation Legends GM, of course, isnt the only company to be cited as making advertising blunders in the Spanish language. But upon closer examination, many of these tales of mistranslation prove to be as unlikelyÃ as the one involving GM. Here are some of those stories. The TaleÃ of the Vulgar Pen Story: Parker Pen intended to use the slogan it wont stain your pocket and embarrass you, to emphasize how its pens wouldnt leak, translating it as no manchar tu bolsillo, ni te embarazar. But embarazarÃ means to be pregnant rather than to embarrass. So the slogan was understood as it wont stain your pocket and get you pregnant. Comment: Anyone who learns much about Spanish learns quickly about such common mistakes as confusing embarazada (pregnant) for embarrassed. For a professional to make this translating mistake seems highly unlikely. Wrong Kind of Milk Story: A Spanish version of the Got Milk? campaign used Ã ¿Tienes leche?, which can be understood as Are you lactating? Comment: This might have happened, but no verification has been found. Many such promotional campaigns are locally run, making it more likely this understandable mistake could have been made. Wrong Kind of Loose Story: Coors translated the slogan turn it loose in a beer ad in such a way that it was understood as slang for suffer from diarrhea. Comment: Reports differ on whether Coors used the phrase suÃ ©ltalo con Coors (literally, let it go loose with Coors) or suÃ ©ltate con Coors (literally, set yourself free with Coors). The fact that accounts dont agree with each other make it seem unlikely that the mistake actually happened. No-Coffee Coffee Story: NestlÃ © was unable to sell NescafÃ © instant coffee in Latin America because the name is understood as No es cafÃ © or It isnt coffee. Comment: Unlike most of the other accounts, this story is demonstrably false. NestlÃ © not only sells instant coffee under that name in Spain and Latin America, but it also operates coffee shops with that name. Also, while consonants are often softened in Spanish, vowels are usually distinct, so nes is unlikely to be confused for no es. Misplaced Affection Story: A slogan for Frank Perdue chicken, it takes a strong man to make a tender chicken, was translated as the equivalent of it takes a sexually aroused man to make a chicken affectionate. Comment: Like tender, tierno can mean either soft or affectionate. The accounts differ on the phrase used to translate a strong man. One account uses the phrase un tipo duro (literally, a hard chap), which seems extremely unlikely.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
The Aspects of Terrorism - Essay Example Understanding these aspects of terrorism is a necessary first step in forming a counter terrorism strategy. The most robust terrorist organizations have their basis in religion, and have been able to recruit members from areas that have been the subject of occupation by a foreign power. On the individual level, feelings of nationalism and a right to a land are the strongest motivators for committing terrorist acts, while ideology has only a small part. Suicide bombers are arguably the most heavily committed individuals to the terrorist's cause. In a recent study at the University of Chicago, Pape (2003) found that, "a strategy of suicide terrorism is most likely to be used to achieve nationalist goals, such as gaining control of what the terrorists see as their national homeland territory and expelling foreign military forces from that territory" (7). This has been evidenced in the Palestinian crisis, Northern Ireland, and Basque separatists in Spain. "Even Al Qaeda's goals for 9/11 included ridding Saudi Arabia of U.S. troops" (Investigations). A right to a homeland far outweighs the importance of ideology. Ideology seldom enters the discussion on terrorism or the terrorist's demands.